Monday, March 27, 2006
Friday, March 24, 2006
El Comercio Article (in Spanish)
Thursday, March 23, 2006
El 4 de marzo, el gasoducto de Camisea en Perú presentó otra vez derrames, esta vez en el asentimiento indígena de Kepashiato. El gasoducto estaba transportando gas natural (líquido) y la explosión prendió fuego a un campo y a una casa, y dejó varias personas con quemaduras de segundo grado. Este último derrame es el quinto desastre que ha ocurrido en un período de solamente 18 meses de operaciones, y el tercer incidente que ha ocurrido en esta región sensible de la Amazonía.
Desde el inicio del proyecto Camisea, organizaciones indígenas y no-gubernamentales han criticado públicamente al proyecto de gas natural debido a las normas ambientales y sociales tan endebles para estas áreas de alta sensibilidad. De hecho, pocos días antes del derrame, el 27 de febrero, un asesor ambiental de una organización sin ánimo de lucro en los EEUU, E-Tech International, publicó un informe que detalla muchas faltas en la ingeniería por parte de la empresa que construyó el gasoducto, Transportadora de Gas de Perú (TGP). Entre los problemas señalados se encuentra el uso de restos de tubos oxidados, la construcción de muy mala calidad en las áreas de terrenos empinados, y la utiliza de soldadores no calificados.
La prensa peruana mencionó un posible conflicto de intereses involucrando al Primer Ministro actual, Pedro Pablo Kuzynski, quien ha servido en la junta directiva dela constructora del gasoducto, Techint, ha servido como asesor para el socio de TGP, Hunt Oil, y trabajó como asesor para el Banco InterAmericano de Desarrollo cuando decidió apoyar el proyecto.
Las dudas sobre la integridad del gasoducto llegan en momentos de expansión de la exploración de hidrocarburos en la región de Baja Urubamba en Perú, que incluye el Bloque 56, cerca de Camisea. La producción que sale de este bloque dependería también del gasoducto de Camisea, aumentaría la presión y la posibilidad de fugas y derrames. Para conseguir más información, contáctese con COMARU (email@example.com).
On March 4, Peru’s Camisea pipeline ruptured and spilled yet again, this time in the indigenous settlement of Kepashiato. The pipe was transporting liquid natural gas, and its explosion set a field and a home on fire, and left several people with 2nd degree burns. This most recent spill is the fifth pipeline disaster to occur in only 18 months of operation, and the third incident to take place in the sensitive Amazon region.
Since the Camisea project’s inception, indigenous and non-governmental organizations have publicly criticized the natural gas project for its lax environmental and social standards and damaging impacts. In fact, only days before the spill, on February 27, the US non-profit environmental consultant E-Tech International released a report accusing the pipeline construction company Transportadora de Gas Peru (TGP) of a host of engineering shortfalls. Problems included the use of leftover, oxidized pipe, shoddy construction in areas of steep terrain, and the employment of unqualified welders.
Further fueling the controversy, the Peruvian press recently suggested a potential conflict of interest involving Peru’s current Prime Minister, Pedro Pablo Kuzynski. Kuzynski has served on the board of pipeline manufacturer Techint, he has been an advisor to TGP partner Hunt Oil, and he worked as a consultant for the Inter-American Development Bank when it decided to finance the pipeline.
Doubts about the pipeline’s integrity come at a time of expansion of hydrocarbon exploration in Peru’s Lower Urubamba region, including into neighboring Block 56. Production from this block would also rely on the troublesome Camisea pipeline, increasing pressure and the potential for leaks and spills. For more information contact COMARU: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lima, Mar 22 (Prensa Latina) Peru plans to award seven contracts in April, for a total 350 million dollars, for oil exploitation and exploration.
Mines and Energy Minister Glodomiro Sanchez said one of these contracts is already functioning and the others are awaiting the signature of President Alejandro Toledo.
The minister pointed out that four contracts will be signed between State Perupetro and the US Amerada Hess Corporation, which will explore in Ucayali and Loreto departments, in the country´s northeast and central regions.
He said that by the end of the year, Hunt Oil will confirm the natural gas reserve in Pagoreni near Camisea, recently in the headlines for pipeline explosions.
Tuesday, March 21, 2006
El Comercio reports today that within a month a company will be selected to carry out the audit. A technical group will be formed to choose the contractor which will be comprised of MEM, OSINERG (also part of MEM) and one independent representative.
In same article, OSINERG suggests that TGP might respond later this week concerning payment of the more than US$ 900,000 levied against them for previous spills and erosion during pipeline construction.
Monday, March 20, 2006
The indigenous organization, AIDESEP, issued the following proclamation after the fifth Camisea spill. (English Translation).
Declaration of the Interethnic Association on the Development of the Peruvian Amazon (AIDESEP)
CAMISEA Project Demonstrates Lack of Planning: Attempt on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Aware of the current situation facing our peoples, the Interethnic Association on the Development of the Peruvian Jungle (AIDESEP) – the organization that defends and promotes the rights of indigenous peoples in the Peruvian Amazon – expresses the following:
The concurrence of the electoral process, the release of a report by a foreign monitoring company in Washington, and a new spill – which the area suffered yesterday, on March 4, 2006 – have revealed the difficult situation the Machiguenga and other indigenous peoples face and has made the press and the public question these circumstances. This reaction is due to more than just awareness of deficient environmental management, inadequate supervision, and the irresponsibility of officials from diverse institutions created to monitor the development of the CAMISEA gas mega project. It is also a result of having been the target of deception on the part of the concession company.
To avoid [late] penalties outlined in the concession contract, the company installed the liquid natural gas (LNG) pipeline haphazardly and irresponsibly, without proper safeguards, and clearly without the supervision or verification of relevant state agencies as well. It is possible to arrive at these conclusions simply through technical observation of the successive failures of the pipeline. Nevertheless, we should reiterate that we previously warned of the grave dangers posed by this project’s implementation. The ecological balance is at stake, but also principally the life and health of the Nanti, Nahua, Kugapakori, Machiguenga and other indigenous groups. We are concerned not only about these native communities but also about the groups living in voluntary isolation, one third of whose territory is superimposed upon by the Camisea gas concession.
These situations are developing as we enter the third millennium, when Peru, through R. Legislative 26253, ratified and approved ILO Convention No. 169 concerning Indigenous and Tribal and Peoples in Independent Countries. During the same period, the Second International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People was declared and adopted by the United Nations to direct effective attention to related challenges and guarantee indigenous participation at diverse levels of decision-making within State Parties. On November 24, 2004, States signed the Brazilian Declaration, and attending States made additional agreements concretizing the rights of indigenous peoples. While all these agreements are full of good intentions, they are not being applied here, much less are they recognized by the majority of Peruvian State officials. This is evident in the current reality of indigenous politics, which lacks consultation, and the Free, Prior, and Informed Consent of indigenous peoples to policies, legislative and administrative measures, programs, or projects that affect them.
Faced with such omissions, indifference, and carelessness, we, as indigenous peoples, have already lost confidence in the efficacy of the democratic system. In many cases, we have already witnessed direct attacks against collective indigenous rights in the imposition of “negotiable” grids as concessions over ancestral indigenous territories. This is a widespread problem despite severe penalties decreed by the current government.
The fact is that our peoples don’t believe the judicial system will help us resolve this problematic situation. For example, the company, which has been fined four times, still – to this day – has not paid, because it hopes to find the legal ruse needed to challenge the fines and move from an administrative venue to the courts. Despite this, the agencies responsible for environmental matters have not deigned to issue a denouncement, much less the magistrates at the Public Ministry’s office, even to prevent the crime of causing actual or potential environmental harms. The exception is the Ombudsman’s Office, which has recently released a report about the grave effects on the rights of indigenous peoples.
Considering this situation, AIDESEP demands the following:
1. The immediate suspension of the Camisea Gas project (equally important, the General Control of the Republic should intervene in order to verify fulfillment of the functions of OSINERG, INRENA, CONAM, DIGESA, DGAA of the Ministry of Energy and Mines, the CAMISEA DEFENSE, INDEPA and GTCI).
2. That an audit of the entire pipeline is carried out and a definitive suspension of the Camisea gas project is announced.
3. That, in consideration of the company’s grave breach of contract provisions, lack of ethics, trickery, and its overvaluation of material and expenses, Plus Petrol’s concession be made null and void.
4. That the Energy Tax law is modified so that communities whose natural resources are extracted can directly enjoy resulting benefits.
5. That the government stipulates that enforcement of fines against companies violating the law will occur within a certain timeframe and responsibility will not lift if there isn’t an effective deposit of the entire amount. Moreover, that said amounts will be turned directly over to affected communities.
Through this declaration the indigenous organization AIDESEP reiterates the aforementioned conclusions and demands to national state agencies, the IDB, NGOs of the world, and the press. There has been a lack of attention, recognition, and respect for the collective human rights of indigenous peoples, as well as State exploitation of natural resources inside our ancestral territories – territories we possessed long before colonization and formation of the current national State. In light of this, we declare our lands – the soils and subsoils – as defined within internal agreements made during AIDESEP’s 20th National Congress and the Second Continental Summit of the indigenous peoples ABYA YALA and others, to be as they always have been: imprescriptible, inalienable, unembargoable, and unexpropriable.
Leadership Council of AIDESEP
The ProInversion Board consists of 7 ministers, one of whom is Peru's Prime Minister, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, consultant to Hunt Oil and formerly on the board of TGP shareholder Tenaris. He also worked for the InterAmerican Development Bank which financed the Camisea pipeline.
Article in Spanish
Sunday, March 19, 2006
Camisea is Peru's largest hydrocarbon project, an effort to pump and pipe 11 trillion cubic feet of natural gas from the Amazon to the Coast. It is also an extremely destructive project that has brought environmental devastation and disease to indigenous peoples in the Amazon, some of which have had little or no contact with the outside world.
I have been following the Camisea project since 1996 when I worked in the region with the Peruvian NGO, CEDIA and the local indigenous organization, COMARU.
I plan to use this Blog to post news, reports, and other observations about the project. I look forward to your comments as well.